"Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has signed an order prohibiting anonymous access to Wi-Fi in public places.
The order Medvedev signed on August 8 requires users of Wi-Fi in areas of so-called 'collective access' to identify themselves before logging onto the Internet through Wi-Fi, although the specific public areas affected are not immediately clear.
Access will only be available after users provide their full names, confirmed by an ID.
For years, anonymous mobile phone use has also been illegal in Russia. In most countries, it is possible to use mobile phone service (called pre-paid or pay-as-you-go) without disclosing your identity; I have done so personally in the the USA and Ukraine, but in Russia a SIM card must be registered to one's passport.